4. Smart city, smart economy

4. Smart city, smart economy

“Smart Cities are where technology comes alive.” (Peter Sany, CEO of TM Forum)


Boyd Cohen described the evolution of smart city concept penetration as a three-stages process :

  1. The first stage Smart Cities 1.0 is characterised by projects offered by technology vendors to municipal managers who were not fully prepared to understand all the impacts of technological solutions on the city.
  2. The second stage (in which we are at right now), Smart Cities 2.0, is marked by cities initiatives that see the potential of technology (perhaps also in smart city as territorial marketing strategy), want to define projects focused on technological solutions, seeking for help (knowledge transfer, technical and financial support, partnership with private sector and start-up) to put this transformation into practice.
  3. In the third stage, Smart Cities 3.0, the disruptive element would be the total engagement of stakeholders within the governance and the services design.

What’s a smart City ?

We’d like to suggest that “a smart city (urban area sounds better) is an innovative city that uses ICTs and other technologies to improve quality of life, efficiency of urban operation and services, competitiveness, while ensuring to meet present and future generations needs with respect to economic, social, territorial balance and environmental issues (sustainable development).”1




A smart city program aims to create attractive, participative, innovative and resilient urban environment encouraging creative solutions, thus creating jobs and reducing inequality.

It promotes a virtuous cycle that not only produces economic and social well-being, but also secures the sustainable use of local resources in order to ensure quality of life and stability of business in the long run.

A Smart City places people and economic stakeholders at the center of its development, incorporates ICTs into urban management and planning, uses these elements as tools to stimulate the design of innovative services within collaborative planning and eco-citizenship participation.

Towards smart economy …

Smart economy presents miscellaneous challenges :

  • support innovation to “smart” the city (companies finding in smart city program an experimental ground before industrial deployment and business development)
  • improve collaboration and sharing between public and private stakeholders,
  • encourage an active eco-citizenship and increase the economic stakeholders’s social and environmental responsibility,
  • involve them into the urban projects including designing, planning and reporting,
  • optimise the allocation of resources and help to reduce unnecessary spending
  • generate common and digitalised procedures,
  • open public data,
  • provide unique online platforms,
  • set up a smart public procurement approach and practices,
  • help the business community to address concrete problems, produce performance and improve the ecosystem, …

Smart economy aims to improve business life cycle, to make easier and faster to find & access business services, participate in city economic or urban initiatives, communicate with and receive information, contribute to urban development, while staying open to the global environment.

In addition to make possible innovative business projects, Open Data policy brings transparency and enrich the knowledge. In this way, it can be considered as a key element of smart economy development.

Smart city, smart economy.

There are not turnkey solutions. Each city, each urban area is unique in its cultural, economic, political, spatial and environmental features. For instance, India is facing tremendous stakes. It explains the 100 smart cities program launched by M. Modi.


Throughout the numerous conferences, exhibitions, surveys, books, papers, elective representatives and public managers can find ideas, create their own project with the right method and toolbox.

Building Smart Economy means :

  • innovative ways of thinking and acting,
  • comprehensive views at mid and long terme to create social, environmental and territorial value,
  • associate all the economic stakeholders, connect them at local scale, considering local into an expanded spatial approach.

Finally, the main issue of smart economy is to find out the right solutions which balance the effects of globalisation and urban revolution by a smartly using of technologies.

Manavao – 4 of november, 2016

Introducing manavao.com – 5. Economy of proximity

  1. Definition given by UNECE/ITU or IDB

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